Ancient history, unique culture and as yet little known for the tourists country – these factors make the travel to Georgia, especially interesting and unforgettable.
Georgia is located in the central part of the Caucasus, one of the most significant region in the world. It is located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, where traditionally crossed western and eastern civilizations, which unusually merged with local traditions that gave Georgia the name of the country’s oldest non-recurring history, culture and civilization throughout the world.
The myth of the Argonauts, King Farsman’s fabulous world, wedged in the passage of the Caucasus by Alexander the Great and many other myths associated with these mountains, widely opens the doors of our country to travelers who wish to visit, meet and know so far little-known and unique country, which opens in front of tourists in the face of Georgia.
Traveling to Georgia you will find many places with wildlife, and so far untouched by man landscapes, which makes the country even more attractive to tourists. Georgians believe that “the guest is by the Lord” and therefore warm hospitality is well known for our guests.
Rich in forest and containing sub-tropical coastal lowlands, glaciers and alpine meadow, this country of modest size has always attracted powerful powerful neighbours. Assyria, Achemenian and Sassanian Persia, Greek colonists, Hellenistic monarchies and Roman Empire have many time attempted to subdue it. On the other hand, due to the closeness to these powers, Georgia would familiarise itself with the achievements of the oriental and occidental cultures, and accomplishments of the ancient east or Hellas. This explains the early spread of Christianity in the country. According to ecclesiastical tradition, in the 1st century the Jews from Mtskheta brought the Tunic of Christ from Jerusalem, one of the most sacred relics of Christianity to Georgia, which became a lot of the Holy Virgin. St Mary sent St Andrew the Apostle, St Simon the Canaanite and St Matthias to Georgia to preach the Christian faith, while in the early 4th century, following the teachings of St Nino of Cappadocia Christianity was proclaimed an official religion in eastern Georgia. In 325, the First Council of Nice was attended by a bishop of Pitiunt, a city in western Georgia. Since then the Christianity become inseparable part of national identity for the Georgian people.
Georgia – the country of remarkable history and culture. Its special geographical location justify the cultural identity that distinguish Georgia from other countries. On the one hand it is at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, and at the same time, Georgia occupies a central place in the Caucasus between the Black and Caspian Seas, where it has always played a significant role.
According to archaeological excavations in the territory of Georgia there are the first hominids in Europe 1.8 million years ago. It is believed that they were the first Europeans, and that Georgia is a country where they have spread to other parts of Europe.
Study the unique culture Shulavery (6000 – 4000 BC. Er.) showed that in Georgia, the first in the world, began to grow vineyards and wineries. Based on these facts, Georgia is considered the birthplace of winemaking. On the territory of Georgia are still encountered several dozen varieties of grapes, and Georgian wines are popular around the world.
Based on the special geographical location, Georgia from ancient times within the scope of interests of travelers and traders. Among them were the Argonauts – Greek sailors, a story about journeys which have survived to this day thanks to the Greek myths. The aim of the expedition of the Argonauts in Georgia has been associated with the task they are even seize the Golden Fleece. Myth of the Golden Fleece reflects the history of the early bonds of ancient Greece and Georgia. According to legend, the gold on the slopes of the Caucasus, in Georgia, was extracted by immersing in a sheep’s skin gold-water river. This method of gold mining still occurs in the mountains of Georgia – Svaneti region.
In ancient times, after the collapse of the Achaemenid Empire of Iran and Alexander of Macedon, Silk Road which connects Asia with Europe, was under threat. This influenced the fact that this road bypassing Syria and Iran, runs across Georgia. Influence from the west – first from Rome, and then her right heir to the Byzantine Empire, and at the same time, the influence from the East – from Iran and the Islamic Caliphate, as the spread of other oriental civilizations has enabled Georgia to be dedicated to the incredible cultural values. In Georgia, was created a unique alphabet, which is one of the 14 original scripts, known to date throughout the world. At the same time, Georgian architecture has reached unprecedented peaks, which is primarily manifested in a variety of churches and monasteries, most of which are still standing in Georgia. Next to the Georgian Orthodox Church can be seen Gregorian and Catholic churches, as well as Jewish synagogues and Muslim minarets.
In Georgia, in some cities, you can meet each other at a distance of less than 100 meters of churches of different religious denominations that historically characteristic of Georgian culture and a peaceful co-existence of different religions emphasizes tolerance of Georgian culture.
Zenith of Georgian culture and statehood is the period of King David IV the Builder (1089-1125) and Queen Tamara (1184-1210), when the Georgian art, architecture and literature reached their highest recognition. XII century in the history of Georgia called Golden Era.
Despite the political disintegration and partial loss of independence in the XIII-XVIII centuries, Georgian culture remain to be selected for its rich tradition and revival of regional centers, in different ways reflected in all the historical parts of Georgia.
From 1801 to 1991, despite the first conquest of Georgia by the Russian Empire and then the Soviet regime, Georgian culture has preserved its traditions and protect themselves from extinction.
In 1991, Georgia regained its independence (from the first it happened in 1918, but that time only three years), and 2003 after the Rose Revolution, it became the path of economic development, as well as reconstruction and establishment of the European tradition culture. This in turn led to a revival of tourism in Georgia.
Rich Georgian culture makes it even more interesting traditional distinction and diversity of historical regions of the country. Culture of these regions in Georgia that are in the same time historical provinces of the country, they differ from each other with life and traditions. But at the same time they add each other and together create a multiface Georgian culture. For example, Kakheti known for ancient tradition of winemaking; Kartli region – for many ancient and medieval cities (Uplistsikhe, Dzalisi, Mtskheta, Tbilisi, Samshvilde); Javakheti – unique healing spas and mineral waters, Abkhazia and Adjara – the seaside resorts; Samegrelo – a variety of beautiful dishes; Imereti – historical monuments, Svaneti – unique medieval towers, Racha-Lechkhumi – unforgettable mountains, etc.
And all these historic regions of Georgia unites the rich history and unique cultural heritage, the variety of recipes and widely known of all Caucasians, hospitality – all these features for centuries was admired and still admire visitors to Georgia.